Science products generated for Supersites are successfully used in decision making processes of end-users.
Support to Emergency Management during the Bardabunga, Iceland, 2014 eruption
The eruption of the Bardabunga volcano started in August 2014, in the area covered by the Iceland Supersite. The worst scenario prompted for strong magma/water interaction, important explosive activity and emission of >10-km high volcanic ash cloud.
A Red alert was initially issued for commercial air flights. This immediately raised much concern in the international media, for fear of a possible doublet of the 2010 eruption effects of Eyjafjallajökull, which caused global losses of over one billion dollar.
The Supersite community analysed satellite and in situ data to monitor the evolution of the eruption and observed migration of magma from the Bardabunga caldera to a location outside of the ice cap, 40 km to the north.
The scientific products helped take many decisions during the emergency, eventually lowering the red alert to orange when the data showed that the eruption was not going to happen under the ice cap but well ouside of it, in Holuhraun.
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